Inspecting Your Roof
First, conduct a visual inspection from the ground using a pair of binoculars. Focus the lenses and check every inch of the roof and try to cover every angle. Look out for signs of aging such as cracks, curling or loose shingles. Pay special attention to the valleys, vent pipe and all spots that break or meet the roof. The flashing and boots should be intact, undamaged and in their proper places. Likewise, the roof’s edge should be flat, with no signs of wind damage.
You will also need to climb into the attic and check the condition of the wood parts, such as trusses and the underside of the roof deck, if visible and not covered by foam insulation. There should be no water stains or signs of warping. Check the foam or blown-in insulation for clumps, which are a sure sign of water damage. Note your findings.
Signs That Indicate You Need Roof Repairs
The first question you have to ask yourself is: are the issues concentrated in a specific area? If yes, then you may be looking at some roofing repair work. It could be a dent or a hole caused by wind or a large piece of debris. However, just because this is a relatively minor problem, doesn’t mean you can put it off for later. Given constant exposure to sun and wind, even the smallest hole can expand in a short time causing more widespread damage.
Signs That You Need a New Roof
Setting aside your roof’s age—asphalt roofs that are 20 to 30 years old are typically at the end of their service life—consider your findings. For example, widespread damage such as curling, cracked or loose shingles are signs of aging. The shingles may have bald spots where the granules have been worn off. If you noticed pinholes of light while you were in the attic, you will definitely need to have your roof checked by a professional.